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From the desk of CA DILIP JHAJHARIA

After a wait of around 30 years india has got a new education policy. I have tried to put this policy in a simple and easy to understand compilation. 

The Union Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ has  released the New Education Policy or NEP for School Education with policies for schools and Higher Education for colleges, universities and other higher institutes.The Ministry of Human Resource Development will be renamed as Ministry of Education.

Main features of the New Education Policy2020
1) School Education
New curricular structure of school education (5+3+3+4): 3 years in Anganwadi / pre school and 12 years in school. 

For children of 3 to 6 years: Access to free, safe, high quality ECCE at Anganwadis /Pre school/ Balvatika. 

Age 6 to 8, Grade 1-2: Foundational Stage
Age 8-11, Grades 3-5: Pre School Stage: play, discovery, and activity based and interactive 
classroom learning.

Age 11-14, Grade 6-8: Middle School Stage:- experiential learning in the sciences,  mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities.

Age 14-18, Grade 9-11: High School Stage: multidisciplinary study, greater critical thinking, 
flexibility and student choice of subjects.
Age 18 onwards, 12 onwards Graduation
Medium of instruction upto grade 5, and preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be home 
language/ mother tongue/ local language.
School students will have 10 bag-less days during which they are taught a vocation of their 
choice (informal internship).


2) Board Exams and School Exams School Exams will be held only for 3 levels–Classes 3, 5 and 8. Assessment will shift to a formative style which encourages higher-order thinking skills, critical thinking and conceptual clarity. Board Exams to continue but these will be designed for holistic development.

A new national assessment centre PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development) will be established. Board exams will have less stakes. All students will be allowed to take Board Exams on up to two occasions during any given school year, one main examination and one for improvement, if desired.

3) Higher Education and College Entrance Exams National Testing Agency will conduct a common college entrance exam twice a year. 
This will be implemented from the 2022 session.

Bachelor’s degree will be of 4 years with exit options as follows.

 Exit after 1 year:Certificate
 Exit after 2 years: Diploma Mid term drop outs will be given the option to complete the degree after a break.Bachelor’s programmes will be multidisciplinary in nature and there will be no rigid separation between arts and sciences. Indian arts, languages and culture will be promoted at all levels.M.Phil degree will be discontinued.

By 2040, all higher education institutions like IITs will become multidisciplinary.There will be greater inclusion of arts and humanities subjects for science students and vice-versa. Selected universities from among the top 100 universities in the world will be facilitated 
to operate in India.

The system of affiliated colleges will be phased out in 15 years and colleges will be given greater autonomy and power to grant degrees. The deemed university status will end.

This will definitely brings a sea change in the education culture of our country and hope 
it will reduce pressure on little children and open up more evenues and carrier scope for 
youch of our country . As you can see the focus is on vocational training, practicle training.

Story: CA Dilip Jhajharia